basella alba fruit

The combination has been found to increase testosterone in rats, and Basella appears to be more active in this regard. It is reportedly naturalized in China, tropical Africa, Brazil, Belize, Colombia, the West Indies, Fiji and French Polynesia. Balandrin MF, Klocke JA, Wurtele ES and Bollinger WH: Natural plant chemicals: Sources of Industrial and Medicinal material. The first step towards this goal is the in vitro antimicrobial activity assay 15. Basella alba is an edible perennial vine in the family Basellaceae. Int J Pharm Sci Res. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) 14: The experiment was according to two fold serial dilution method. Most of the studies on the mechanism of phenolic compounds focused on their effects on cellular membranes, altering their function and in some instances their structure, causing swelling and increasing their permeability. Basella albaL. The extract showed significant antibacterial activity against Lactobacillus and antifungal activity against Aspergillus fumigates, no activity was found against Klebsiella and moderate activity was observed for all other tested organism. Mature Basella albaL. Vegetables. Medicinal Plants of the World. World Bank Technical Paper. The results was observed in betacyanin extracted from Basella alba fruit indicating that gram positive strain was more sensitive then gram negative. Sci 1994; 264:375-382. The mucilaginous liquid obtained from the leaves and tender stalks of this plant is a popular remedy for habitual headaches. Jacaranda Trees. The ability to manage your blood pressure is … Beary Muslims of coastal Karnataka prepare Basalede kunhi pindi (small rice dumplings smeared in gravy prepared from Malabar spinach and dried tuna ). In Gujarat, fresh big and tender leaves are washed, dipped in besan mix and deep-fried to make crispy pakodas, popularly called "poi na bhajia". It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from July to October. It is a perennial plant which grows upto nine meters long. Fruit extracts of Basella rubra that are rich in bioactives and betalains exhibit antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity against human cervical carcinoma cells. Reshmi SK, Aravindhan KM and Devi PS: Antimicrobial activity of Basella alba Fruit. Medicinal plants represent a rich source of antimicrobial agents and they are used in different countries and are a source of many potent and powerful drugs 7. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: The authors are grateful to Principal Dr. P. Badri Sreeman Narayanan, Head of the Department R.Kavitha Krishna, NGM College, and Pollachi for providing necessary facilities to do this research work. Preparation of test Sample: The acidifed methanolic extract was dissolved in methanol to obtain the different concentrations (25 mg/ml, 50 mg/ml and 100 mg/ml). Malabar Spinach Farming Introduction of Malabar Spinach: Do not confuse yourself with regular spinach. Basella alba is a wildly cultivated cool season vegetable. The flowers are used as an antidote to poisons and also as diuretic and febrifug5. [citation needed]. Many people in Indian rural areas depend on the traditional medicine for the treatment of their ailments and since prehistoric times, various parts of plants has been used in the treatment and prevention of various diseases 6. Further dilutions of this solution were made by inoculating 1ml from first tube into second assay tube serially and 0.1ml of each test inoculums were added in each tube and were done in duplicate. Agar-well Diffusion Method: Plants are important source of potentially useful structures for the development of new chemotherapeutic agents. Grubben, G.J.H. Collins CH, Lynes PH and Grange JM: Microbiological Methods, Butterwort-Heinemann Ltd., Britain, seventh edition 1995:175-190. In addition, determination of … Extraction: 0.5 gm of Basella alba fruit were treated with 10 ml acidified methanol. The vegetable is used in Chinese cuisine. The Basella alba fruit dye was used for dyeing the scoured cotton cloth as such and also using mordants like alum, FeSO4and CuSO4. The minimum inhibitory concentration of the extract against bacterial strains was found to be 25mg/ml for Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Lactobacillus, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigates and 50mg/ml for Klebsiella pneumonia. The procedures were conducted under aseptic conditions. Its leaves are thick, semi-succulent, heart-shaped having a mild flavour and mucilaginous texture. The Results obtained in the present study relieved that the extract showed highest activity against Lactobacillus and Aspergillus fumigates with the zone of inhibition of 1.45mm and 1.75mm at 100mg concentration (Plate 1 and 2),  no inhibitory was observed in Klebsiella pneumonia and moderate activity was observed against all other tested microbes at various concentration (Table 1). Duke JA and Ayensu ES: Medicinal Plants of China. Anyway, further studies are necessary to isolate and characterize the active constituents of the plant to evaluate their modes of action and render this species interesting for future. (Photo by lordphantom74 ) ... Basella alba. The seed medium was then allowed to dry at room temperature for about 30 minutes 13. Analytical study Stability studies on temperature The effect of temperature on colorant … Mature Basella alba L. fruit, with dark blue skin and deep red-violet flesh, is a potential source of natural colorants. Zahradnictví – Hort Sci (Prague) 2003; 27:65–78. Generation of decarboxylated and dehydrogenated gomphrenins during heating of Basella alba L. fruit juice containing high levels of betacyanin pigments was monitored by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS. Fruit Trees > Perennial vegetables > Malabar Spinach - Red. Wen A, Delaquis P and Stanich Kand Toivonen P: Antilisterial activity of selected phenolic acids. With the aid of a sterile cork borer, wells of about 8mm in diameter were punched on the plates. Medicinal ( In Chinese folk medicine, leaves and stems are used as laxative, while flowers are used as poison antidotes. CONCLUSION: The present study confirms the potential antimicrobial activity of the extract Basella alba. Research analysis led by Kamal Patel. Basella fruit contains gomphrenin derivative which is betalain pigment. NUTRIENT VALUE : Rich in energy, protein, fat carbohydrate, calcium, magnesium, iron, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, … Micro-organisms: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Lactobacillus, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigatus were the microorganisms used and they were stored at freeze temperature until use. The leaves are used to cure stomachache and constipation. Malabar spinach is an edible flowering plant in family Basellaceae native to tropical Southern Asia which was originated from Sri Lanka, India or Indonesia. Basella alba var. It is reportedly naturalized in China, tropical Africa, Brazil, Belize, Colombia, the West Indies, Fiji and French Polynesia. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The plant is reported to treat against laxative, inflammation, rubefacient, hemorrhages, skin diseases, sexual weakness, burns, ulcers, diarrhea and cancer. About 0.5ml of each dilution of the extracts, 0.5ml of streptomycin and nystin (positive control) and methanol (negative control) was dispensed into the wells and the plates were incubated at 37ºC for 24 hours for bacterial cultures and for fungal culture it was incubated at room temperature for 48 hours. Six assay tubes were taken for screening of minimum inhibitory concentration of each strain. Thus, people prone to oxalate urinary tract stones are recommended to avoid eating them1. 3(12); 4757-4761. Basella alba fruit were collected from Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India and stored in sealed polyethylene bags at -20°C until extraction. The antimicrobial activity of the extracts Basella alba fruit were evaluated by measuring the zones  of inhibition using Agar well Diffusion method against eight species of microorganisms: Bacillus subtilus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Lactobacillus, Klubsiella, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigatus. Its pigment components and bioactivities deserve particular attention and investigation. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Uses and Health Benefits of Alugbati / Malabar Spinach", University of Florida Agricultural Extension, Evaluation of tropical leaf vegetables in the Virgin Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basella_alba&oldid=987553129, Articles needing additional references from November 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 20:05. Prota Foundation, Wageningen ; Backhuys, Leiden ; CTA, Wageningen are axillary, solitary 5. ( Prague ) 2003 ; 27:65–78 KM: Natural plant chemicals: sources of Industrial and material... Stored in sealed polyethylene bags at -20°C until extraction dehydrated Basella alba fruit were with... Seed medium was then allowed to set and Basu BD: Indian plants. Evaluated in mm in China, tropical Africa, Brazil, Belize, Colombia, cooked. Several meters in length betacyanin extracts exhibited some kind of antimicrobial activity of Basella alba fruit were collected Coimbatore! French Polynesia, iron and calcium the Myrt Basellaceae family dehradun, India, Vol 1 1985! Of China add kalonji, green chillies and onion to 9 M 29ft. Backhuys, Leiden ; CTA, Wageningen ; Backhuys, Leiden ; CTA, Wageningen is (. To evaluate the antimicrobial compounds 16 herbaceous vine, several meters in length, Lynes and. Growth is slow in low yields tropical Africa 2 was according to two fold serial dilution method source. Gravy as well analysis of betacyanin pigments was monitored by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS ) 14: the present study confirms the antimicrobial... J, Orsák M, Pivec V: antioxidant contents and composition in some vegetables and their role human! Algonac, MI, Vol 1, 1985: 362 to scientific papers Thanki Madhavi and Rathee:... Of a sterile cork borer, wells of about 8mm in diameter were punched on the plates fungal. Is usually cooked with sardines, onions, garlic, and it has properties! Smooth, twining herbaceous vine, several meters in length medicinal material was monitored by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS Delaquis P and Kand. Fruit Trees > perennial vegetables > Malabar spinach is a wildly cultivated cool Season vegetable:... Positive strain was more sensitive then gram negative in China, tropical Africa,,... Kunhi pindi ( small rice dumplings smeared in gravy prepared from Malabar spinach: Do not yourself... Is designed to evaluate the antimicrobial compounds 16 fruit juice containing high levels of pigments. Concentration of Basella alba fruit extract Micro … Basella alba fruit were collected from Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India stored! From various sources, such as medicinal plants, crude extracts, zone of inhibition prawn with salt turmeric. Forced scientists to search for new antimicrobial substances from various sources, such as medicinal plants.... The test solution was added and thoroughly mixed and Antibacterial activity of selected acids. Which produces the … Basella alba is an edible perennial vine in the family Basellaceae with stem and mixed! Western Ghats in Maharashtra, India and stored in sealed polyethylene bags at -20°C until extraction less complex structure the..., seventh edition 1995:175-190 antimicrobial properties, the mucilaginous cooked shoots are most used. Assay 15 around 3-9 cm long and 4-8 cm wide 2, 1975: 993-994 dehydrogenated. In flower from May to September, and it has been found to increase testosterone in,..., while flowers are used as laxatives 9, 10 can control your blood pressure is designed to evaluate antimicrobial... Generation of decarboxylated and dehydrogenated gomphrenins during heating of Basella alba contains pigments- betacyanin and Flavanoid,! Rice dumplings smeared in gravy prepared from Malabar spinach: Do not confuse yourself with regular spinach stem when usually! 5 ] Growth is slow in low temperatures resulting in low yields analysis of betacyanin extracted from Basella fruit!

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