inflorescence of solanum nigrum

It is native to Eurasia and introduced to the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Solanum nigrum: berries 8–13 mm wide, with 15–60 seeds 1.8–2.2 mm long, anthers 1.8–2.5 mm long, and inflorescence with usually 5–7 flowers (vs. S. ptycanthum, with berries 5–9 mm wide, with 50–110 seeds 1.4–1.8 mm long, anthers 1.3–2 mm long, and inflorescence with usually 1–4 flowers). Underground stem tubers present. Description: A herb or soft-wooded shrub often lasting several years, frequently with a dark-green or purple-green aspect, pubescent with curved appressed simple hairs and with almost sessile glandular ones; leaves ovate, 4-7 x 2-5 cm, juvenile ones entire, later leaves … The purpose of this study was to determine the species of Solanum nigrum complex found in Rift Valley, Nyanza and Western provinces of Kenya. Inflorescence: panicle or umbel-like, often 1-sided. Examples: Petunia, Nicotiana, Cestrum and Solanum etc. Nightshade family – Solanum nigrum Habit Inflorescence (dense indumentum) Inflorescence (sparse Fully mature fullindumentum)-black berries Flowers at full anthesis Dissected flowerE. nigrum, Synopsis Plantarum 1: 224(1805). Solanum nigrum L. Common name: Black nightshade, Common nightshade, Hound's berry: Hebrew name: סולנום שחור: Arabic name: عنب الذيب الأسود : Egypt: عنب الديب "Enab El-Deib" Family: Solanaceae, סולניים: Life form: Hemicryptophyte: Stems: Up to 70 cm high; stems decumbent to erect, branched, with costate (having ribs) branches; green to purple: Leaves: Alternate, entire: Inflorescence: Lateral lax cymes, 4-10 … According to the plant taxonomists, it has been estimated that a total of 2 to 3 million plant species exists on our planet. Solanum Nigrum fruit is ovale with 0.8 until 1 cm diameter. Synonymy: Not Applicable. Flowers: Bracteate (Petunia), or ebracteate (Withania) pedicellate, bisexual, heterochlamydeous, actinomorphic or weakly zygomorphic due to oblique position of ovary pentamerous, hypogynous. ADVERTISEMENTS: Flower: Pentamerous, bisexual, rarely unisexual, regular, rarely irregular (Hyoscyamus), hypogynous . 20. It is a common weed of cultivated land, open spaces in forests and roadsides; found in disturbed areas between 0-2,200 (3,500) m elevation. Commentary: Solanum nigrum, the type species of the genus … Solanum nigrum subsp. Common name: None. Semina communicavit Listemann. Pl. 20. Solanum nigrum L. Accepted Name Black Night Shade Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Solanales > Solanaceae > Solanum > Solanum nigrum L. ex willd.) Inflorescence a raceme. Solanum nigrum. This is a list of species in the plant genus Solanum.There may be up to approximately 1500 species worldwide. Stem: The stem is aerial, erect and mostly herbaceous. (i) S. americanum Mill., 2n = 2x = 24 (inflorescence umbellate, fruits shiny purple-black with reflexed sepals), (ii) S. villosum Mill., 2n = 4x = 48 (fruits very … Anthers at least 1.5 mm long at anthesis (native) === S. nigrum subsp. Keywords, Solanum … Many species make up the Solanum nigrum complex, and some include S. scabrum, S. villosum, S. americanum, S. nigrum, S. americanum, and S. physalifolium. Sclerotic granules at most five, rarely absent. Underground stem tubers absent. Describe the vegetative and floral features of the plant in the same sequence using terms described therein. Lamiaceae – Salvia Stigma Habit Close up of the flower Isolated stamen (anterior connective arm) joint between the filament and the connective Style Theca LS flower Salvia … Queensland Herb 16: 25 (1974). Weed * Stem. Leaves imparipinnate. 14 genera and 52 species of this family are present in Pakistan. Derivation: Latin name of S. nigrum, the black-berry nightshade. Weeds: Some plants are weeds, e.g. F. Petal Stamen Stigma Style Ovary Anther . Pedicellate bisexual flowers borne acropetally on an elongated peduncle form an inflorescence called Spike Corymb Raceme Catkin Answer: 3 Q3. Special Types of Inflorescence: •Cyathium: •A cup-shaped involucre having nectar-secreting glands, a centrally placed single large female flower which is reduced to pistil, and many male flowers present in the form of stamens, e.g., Euphorbia. Solanum nigrum L. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 186. Inflorescence: Flowers are solitary or grouped having axillary or cymose inflorescence. Distribution pattern “This family has about 90 genera and 2000 species. Stem ascending–erect, sparsely bristly, glabrous or smoothly haired, occasionally very hairy. Citation: L., Sp. and S. villosum Mili. Observe the flower bud under dissection microscope or a hand lens and note the aestivation patterns of calyx and corolla, number of sepals and petals (tri, tetra, penta-mer ous), number of stamens. It is covered either by prickles (some species of Solanum) or spines … The members are found in trophics, sub-trophics, temperate regions. Height: 20–80 cm (8–32 in.). Solanum nigrum L. subsp. Corolla … Calyx: Sepals green or coloured, typically 5 sepals, gamosepalous, persistent and show valvate aestivation. Solanum nigrum L. and related species Jennifer M. Edmonds Department of Biology University of Leeds Leeds LS2 9JT United Kingdom and James A. Chweya Department of Crop Science University of Nairobi Nairobi Kenya. black nightshade fragile white-yellow flower on short wooden stalk of shrub with ripening berries raceme, hanging down, exactly like street lanterns. Inflorescence a variously developed cyme, initially terminal soon lateral by sympodial growth, often … Common species. Kaakmachi or B lack nightshade (Solanum nigrum, family: So lanaceae) is a perennial herb with soft stem and many branches. Inflorescence: Generally axillary or terminal cymose (Solanum) or solitary flowers ... (Solanum nigrum) solitary and axillary (Datura and Nicotiana) umbellate cyme (Withania somnifera). Corolla: ADVERTISEMENTS: Five, gamopetalous, rotate or infundibuliform or lobed, … Synonyms : Solanum nigrum L. Common Name : Black Nightshade, Blackberry Nightshade, NightShade, PoisonBerry, Kangani; Plant Family : Solanaceae; Plant Form : Herb; Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 22, 27, 28, 30; Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park About Solanum … schultesii (Opiz) Wessely, Feddes Repertorium 63: 311(1960). Among them, around two lakh species are angiosperms (flowering plants), while others include gymnosperms, bryophytes, hydrophytes and other vascular and non-vascular plants. Description: Herbs, shrubs or small trees; armed or unarmed; indumentum of simple, glandular or stellate hairs; leaves alternate, petiolate, entire or lobed. Solanum nigrum is a medicinal plant belonging to the Solanaceae family. Common name. In Bangladesh and Indian … Usually flowers and fruits as a herb but also flowers as a shrub. It … Calyx: Sepals 5, rarely 4 or 6, … Solanum nigrum L. and related species The International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) is an autonomous international scientific organization operating … The largest genus solanum includes 1700 species. Flower: calyx +- bell-shaped; corolla +- rotate, white to purple (yellow), lobes generally of different color toward base of midrib, generally without spots at base; anthers free, > filaments, oblong or tapered, opening by 2 pores or short slits near tip, in age often splitting to base; ovary 2-chambered, style 1, generally +- straight, stigma head-like. 8 Solanum anguivi + Inflorescence with most upper flowers staminate. Citation: L., Sp. It should be mentioned here that the binomial S. ni9rum is now reserved for a purplish-black berried hexaploid species as characterised … With some 800 accepted specific and infra-specific taxa of the more than 4,000 described, the genus Solanum contains more species than any other genus in the family Solanaceae and it is one of the largest among the angiosperms.. Phylogenetic analysis of molecular data has established or … Inflorescence MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions and Answers) Q1. Sclerotic granules six or more. These plants are distributed in temperate and tropical areas. Solanum opacum A.Braun & Bouche, Index Seminum in Horto Botanico Berolinensi anno 1853 collectorum: 8, 18(1853), Type: E Nova Hollandia. The flower is pentamerous and hypogynous. 2 Black nightshades. Solanum. Solanum tubersum: Potato Its color is green when it was young and dark purple when it was old. Additional aliens: Solanum capsicoides All. Few plants are shrubs (Solanum torvum) and small trees (Solanum verbascifolium) and rarely climbers (Solanum dulcamara) Root system: The members of this family have tap root system. First glance, Solanum Nigrum shape is as same as mangosteen, but it is smaller. THE SOLANUM NIGRUM COMPLEX IN PACIFIC NORTH AMERICA G. Ledyard StebbinSj Jr. and Elton F. Paddock1 In the large genus Solanum, perhaps the most widespread species-group is that contained in the section Morella^ and center-ing about Solanum nigrum L., often known as "deadly nightshade." e.g., Solanum nigrum. inflorescence and flowers. Leaves. Solanum Nigrum seed is round flat, small and white. Leaves entire to irregular dentate. (ii) Biparous or Dichasial Cyme: In this type of inflorescence the peduncle bears a terminal flower and stops growing. PI. This type of inflorescence is known as sympodial cyme as found in some members of Solanaceae (e.g., Solanum nigrum). Flower: calyx +- bell-shaped; corolla +- rotate, white to purple (yellow), lobes generally of different color toward base of midrib, generally without spots at base; anthers free, > filaments, oblong or tapered, opening by 2 pores or short slits near tip, in age often splitting to base; ovary 2-chambered, style 1, generally +- straight, stigma head-like. determine the correct taxonomic status of the Solanum nigrum L. complex in India. ... are present more than two lateral branches bearing terminal flowers, e.g., Calotropis procera. Things to remember. Arrangement of flowers on the floral axis is Inflorescence Phyllotaxy Placentation Corymb Answer: 1 Q2. patulum; Solanum villosum Mili. Fruit: berry, … Recent experimental studies (Edmonds and Glidewell 1977; Edmonds 1977, 1979; Ganapathi and Rao 1985) have proved that Solanum americanum Mili. Fruit: berry, … Inflorescence: panicle or umbel-like, often 1-sided. Common nightshade, Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum), inflorescence, Germany. Type: Central Asia, Herb. Leaf blades ovate, … Berry 25-30 mm broad : 9 Solanum incanum : 9: Annual or perennial herbs + Shrubs or semi-shrubs : 10: Annual. Name also: European Black Nightshade, Garden Nightshade, Small-fruited Black Nightshade, Duscle, Hound’s Berry, Petty Morel, Wonder Berry, Popolo ; Family: Nightshade Family – Solanaceae; Growing form: Annual herb. Corolla limb 5-6 mm broad : 1 Solanum nigrum + Perennial. The Solanum nigrum complex species have also been used traditionally as medicine. Fide R. J. F. Henderson, Contr. Common names: B lack nightshade, Garden nightshade. Seedling leaves purplish beneath === S. ptychanthum. Nightshade, Blackberry; Black Nightshade; Blackberry Nightshade; Nightshade; Nightshade, Black. Fruit is a berry, smooth, 5-7 cm in diametre; green and bitter when raw and black or purplish black. •Verticillaster: •When flowers arise in the axil … Inflorescence: Usually an axillary cyme or combination of cymes, sometimes helicoids . Samples were collected … nigrum. Flower: Bracteate or ebracteolate, actinomorphic and generally hermaphrodite. 248.18; lecto: LINN. Synonymy: Not Applicable. Solanum americanum (Click image to Enlarge) Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani « » Botanical Name : Solanum americanum Mill. It consists of weedy perennials or annuals, many of which have be-come adventive in regions far from … Solanum nigrum L., the black nightshade (Ganapathi and Rao 1986). 184 (1753). (= Solanum nigrum L), wild as well ... "Working on the S. nigrum complex of the Indian subcontinent, Schilling and Anderson (1990), on the basis of chromosome number as well as some other morphological characters, recognized three distinct species, viz. This family includes 90 genera and 2200 species. var. Seedling leaves green beneath === S. nodiflorum. are the progenitors of S. ni9rum. Solanum Nigrum flower is inflorescence with 2 – 10 white or violet buds. Corolla limb 25 … Common name: Black-berry nightshade, black nightshade. Edmonds, and Solanuz~n ni qrura L. subsp, nigrum, respectively. Calyx 6-7 mm long. subsp, miniatura (Bernh. The inflorescence of Coriander is Umbel Corymb Typical raceme Umbel of umbels Answer: 4 Q4. Solanum nigrum. Both species are distinct from S. villosum in inflorescence with usually more than 6 flowers, ... Solanum nigrum (European black nightshade or locally just "black nightshade", duscle, garden nightshade, hound's berry, petty morel, wonder berry, small-fruited black nightshade or popolo) is a species in the Solanum genus, native to Eurasia and introduced in the Americas, Australasia and South Africa. Download this stock image: Common nightshade, Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum), inflorescence, Germany - EYYFBT from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Solanum nigrum. When it is on ripening, This fruit is looked shiny and contained many seeds. Calyx: Five, gamosepalous, persistent as in Withania, cape- gooseberry and egg plant, inferior . … Cut LS of the flower, place it on a slide and observe under the dissecting … Some plants are annuals or perennial herbs (Solanum nigrum, Solanum surattense). Solanum nigrum is a widespread species native to Eurasia (western Europe to Japan), northern Africa, and Australia, sporadically introduced in South Africa and naturalised locally in temperate North America. Linnaeus no. Parts of this … 186 (1753). Solanum nigrum( L.) -black nightshade is a common herb or short-lived perennial shrub, found in many wooded areas, as well as disturbed habitats. Flower: Regular (actinomorphic). On the basis of comparative morphological and cytological studies, ir is concluded that the diploids, tetraploids and hexaploids ate in raer, Solanum americanum Mili. Linnaeus, C. von ( 1753 ) species Plantarum 2: 186 1 Q2 arise the... 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Typical raceme Umbel of umbels Answer: 3 Q3 two lateral branches bearing terminal,... 20–80 cm ( 8–32 in. ) plant in the same sequence using terms described therein distributed temperate! As same as mangosteen, but it is on ripening, This is! These plants are distributed in temperate and tropical areas Nicotiana, Cestrum and Solanum etc inflorescence called Corymb! Or Dichasial cyme: in This type of inflorescence the peduncle bears a terminal flower stops! Type of inflorescence is known as sympodial cyme as found in trophics, sub-trophics temperate! Persistent and show valvate aestivation names: B lack nightshade, Blackberry ; black nightshade fragile white-yellow on! The Solanaceae family, Blackberry ; black nightshade ( Solanum nigrum fruit is a medicinal plant belonging to the family. Type species of This … Solanum nigrum ), inflorescence, Germany: panicle or umbel-like, 1-sided! In This type of inflorescence the peduncle bears a terminal flower and stops.. + Shrubs or semi-shrubs: 10: Annual or perennial herbs + Shrubs or semi-shrubs: 10:.!

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